Human understanding of space includes physical properties, but layered with notions of path and place, and shaped by the way our bodies move.  Three-dimensional space may be experienced as a two-dimensional, not just because our eyes flatten the word, but because we do not fly and our legs traverse flat surfaces.  In our heads we have different models of close and distant space, giving rise to different forms of maps and plans: digital maps typically favour mathematical Cartesian representations, but there are times when more human interpretations are needed.  Space and culture intermix: physical locations become socially rich places, lines and routes relate to stories and journeys; even basic perception is shaped by the sharp edges or organic curves of our upbringing.  The design of virtual worlds may enable them to become lived, social places; and the design of physical spaces may lead them to become socially barren non-places.

Keywords: Proprioception, Spatial comprehension, Wayfinding, Social geography, Cultural geography